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Past Perfect Verb Tense Chart

What is the structure of the past perfect verb tense?

Subject

+

Auxiliary Verb

+

Main Verb

-

=

-

had

Verb + -ed/V3-past participle

-

Grammar rules for the past perfect verb tense:

The past tense of the auxiliary verb "have" is used (had).

The main verb uses the verb form past participle/V3 or -ed is added to main verb.

  • Regular verbs add --ed to the verbs base form.
  • Irregular verbs see verb chart past participle/V3

Negative statements - "not" is added between the auxiliary verb "have" (had) and the main verb.

Questions - The verb "to be" comes first, then the subject.

Using adverbs is optional. Adverbs come before the main verb in the sentence.

Past Perfect Verb Tense Chart

-

Subject

Auxiliary Verb

-

Main Verb

-

+

I

had

-

stamped

your letter, and then sent it for you.

We

had

-

read

the books form the library, and returned them last week.

She

had

-

played

outside for an hour.

-

I

had

not

lived

in New York, before, I moved to Paris.

You

had

not

studied

very much, that is why you failed your test.

He

had

not

eaten

all day, so when he got home was hungry.

?

Had

the dog

 

gone

to the vet. He was very sick for last week.

Had

you

 

called

your teacher. She left you a message a few days ago.

Had

she

 

cleaned

the house yesterday, because we had a party.


Past Simple Tense

Past Simple Tense vs Present Perfect Tense

Past Simple Tense Chart

Past Simple "to be" Chart

Past Continuous Tense

Past Continuous Tense Chart

Past Perfect Tense

Past Perfect Tense Chart

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Continuous Tense Chart