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English Grammar

Demonstratives This - That - These - Those



That This These Those

In English there are 4 demonstratives that, this, these and those. Demonstratives are used to state the distance from the speaker. The distance can be either psychological or physical.

Demonstratives can be used as pronouns or adjectives. They are sometimes referred to as demonstrative adjectives or demonstrative pronouns. When they are used as adjectives they modify the noun.

This – is used with singular nouns when referring to an object that is close to the speaker

  • This car is parked very close to my driveway.
  • Is this Jenni's dog?
  • This is not Jenni's book.

That – is used with singular nouns when referring to an object or person that is far to the speaker

  • That dog across the street is really sweet.
  • Is that Jenni's donkey across the field?
  • That is not Jenni's house.

These - is used with plural nouns when referring to an object that is close to the speaker

  • These cars are parked very close to my driveway.
  • Are these Jenni's dogs?
  • These are not Jenni's books.

Those - is used with plural nouns when referring to an object or person that is far to the speaker

  • I really like those cars.
  • Are those Jenni's friends?
  • Those are not Jenni's brothers.

Note: The distance of an object or person can be doesn't have to be physical.


Definite Articles & Indefinite Articles

Types Of Determiners

A & An

A & An The Quiz

Someone & Anyone

Much & Many

Much & Many Quiz

No & None

No & None Quiz

What are determiners?

That - This - These - Those Determiners

What are quantifiers?

Some & Any

Some & Any Quiz

That - Which

A - An - The