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Demonstratives That - This -These - Those


What are Demonstratives?

That This These Those

In English there are 4 demonstratives that, this, these and those. Demonstratives are used to state the distance from the speaker. The distance can be either psychological or physical.

Demonstratives can be used as pronouns or adjectives. They are sometimes referred to as demonstrative adjectives or demonstrative pronouns. When they are used as adjectives they modify the noun.

What is the grammatical difference between that, this, these those.

The difference between the demonstratives distance (near and far) and singular and plural.

  • "This" is used for singular nouns that are close to the speaker.
  • "That" is used for singular nouns that are far from the speaker.
  • "These" is used for plural nouns that are close to the speaker.
  • "Those" is used for plural nouns that are far from the speaker.

-

Singular

Plural

Close

Far

This

x

-

x

-

That

x

-

-

x

These

-

x

x

-

Those

=

x

-

x


Examples - English Demonstratives

 

Demonstratives

Demonstrative Adjectives

That

That is the place.

That restaurant is really good.

This

This is really good.

This book is really good.

These

These are a lot of fun.

These games are a lot of fun.

Those

Those are really good English books

Those English books are really good.


What are determiners?

That - This - These - Those Determiners

What are quantifiers?

What are articles?

Some - Any

That - Which

A - An - The